Efficient Irrigation and Water Usage

There are so many different types of irrigation, but the demand to cut back on water usage has increased in the last few years. The question a lot of people then ask is which irrigation system is most efficient without wasting any water?

To limit overwatering, you can invest in rain or soil moisture sensors that stop your irrigation system when necessary. A soil moisture sensor is more accurate than a rain sensor but is complicated to install and manage. However, a rain sensor will work fine if you don’t want to spend a lot of money.

Related Reading: Irrigation System Installation

Let’s take a look at the pros and cons of different irrigation systems.

Sprinklers

You can choose between automatic or manual sprinklers. Both will be able to water larger and wider areas. With a manual sprinkler system, you have to open the valve and close it after your chosen amount of time. If you’re not up for this, you can program automatic sprinklers to your exact needs. You do however have to adjust the programming as the seasons change or when it’s raining, and you don’t have a rain or soil sensor.Irrigation

Drip Irrigation

This system is extremely precise and works perfect in small gardens and watering individual plants. It is more efficient than sprinklers and also saves more water. Because drip irrigation provides water directly into the soil, no water is lost due to evaporation or runoff.

Hand Watering

This is obviously the most common and affordable way. This includes a garden hose and portable sprinklers. With hand watering, you can easily prevent overwatering. You can simply move to the next part of the garden when you see the ground stops absorbing water. You can also invest in different nozzles to control water flow.

 

In conclusion, the automatic sprinklers are the most convenient and the drip irrigation system more effective if you want to save water. Both these systems are more expensive but worth the investment.

Credit: Pro Fusion Irrigation Pretoria

Irrigation for dummies

So you want to install an irrigation system, but don’t know the first thing about it. This article will help you achieve a basic understanding of standard irrigation and the different parts it involves.

There are two types of Irrigation Systems:

The Metered Water System – Water is distributed through a fixed system and is usually connected to existing water lines in a house. The water is measured, and you will pay according to monthly usage.

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Efficient Irrigation and Water Usage

The Pump System – Water is pumped into an irrigation system from a pond or lake. Besides installation, it will cost nothing.

Next, you will need to know the different components of a standard Irrigation System.

Shutoff Valve: This is just a way to cut off water supply if needed.Irrigation

Backflow Preventer: This prevents contamination of the water and water flowing back into municipal supply.

Main Line: This is pipes that transport water to the main sprinkler. If there is a problem in the main line, it affects the whole irrigation system.

Sprinkler Area: A group of sprinkler heads that work together to guarantee water distribution in a specified area.

Area Lines: The Pipes that transport the water from the main line to each sprinkler.  If there is a problem in these pipes, it only affects a specific area.

Valves: Devices that control water flow.

Heads: It is where the water is finally released from the pipes to the specific irrigated area.

Controller: This is where you can program the system to send a command to the valves to open and close at your chosen time.

The last part you need to know is the different types of heads.

Rotating Head – It works by rotating water over the area. Some are interchangeable and adjustable to suit your needs.

Fixed Spray Head – It sprays water over smaller areas. The distance it sprays can also be adjusted.

For all the people out there who want a beautiful, green garden all year round, but don’t have a clue about irrigation. This is the basics you’ll need to know. Happy gardening!